The Peterborough Royal Foxhound Show Society was founded in 1878 under the Chairmanship of the Marquis of Huntly. The first show was held under the patronage of HRH The Prince of Wales KG and the first President was the then Earl Fitzwilliam. The importance of the Show was recognised in 1934 when HM King George V gave permission for the name of the Society to become the Peterborough Royal Foxhound Show Society.

By tradition, by its achievements, and by the continuing excellence of its standards, The Peterborough Royal Foxhound Show is the major event in its field in the world. 2022 will celebrate the 134th Peterborough Royal Foxhound Show and there is no doubt that Peterborough continues to serve this great sport as a unique annual focus for all that is best in foxhound breeding.

The Festival of Hunting has grown around the Foxhound Show and incorporates The Association of Masters of Harriers and Beagles, The Masters of Bloodhounds and Draghounds Association, The Masters of Basset Hounds Association, Fellhounds, Gazehounds and the Inter Hunt Relay.